A Great Man Victim of Society

Hi bloggers,

I am back with another portrait of a popular literary figure in Romanticism and one of most widely read author from France; Alexandre Dumas. His works are extremely popular. They have been translated worldwide in about 100 languages and inspired more than 200 motion pictures.

Alexandre Dumas was born as Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie on 24 July 1802 in Villers-Cotterêts in the department of Aisne in Picardy, France. With two sisters, he was born to Marie-Louise Élizabeth Labouret, daughter to an innkeeper, and Thomas-Alexandre Dumas. Thomas-Alexandre was born in the colony of Saint-Domingue from a mixed-race relationship between the marquis Antoine Davy de la Pailleterie, a French nobleman and général commissaire of the artillery of the colony, and Marie-Cessette Dumas, a slave of Afro-Carribean ancestry, though the exact African descent is not known. Thomas-Alexandre was brought at a young age to France and was legally freed there. He was educated in a military school and he joined the army. As an adult, he used his mother’s surname, Dumas, after a break with his father. He served with distinctions in the French Revolutionary Wars and became general in-chief of the Army of Pyrenees, the first person of mixed origin to have reached that rank. When Alexander was four, his father died of a cancer and his widowed mother Marie-Louise was impoverished offering no means of education for the children, however, the aristocratic rank and reputation of Thomas-Alexandre helped them to climb the social ladder. Dumas self-taught himself Spanish and whatever he could. When Louis-Philippe, Duke of Orléans was made King, he acquired at the age of 20 a position at the Palais Royal in Paris.

the-count-of-monte-cristo.jpg

While fulfilling his duties for Louis-Philippe, he wrote articles for magazines and plays for the theatre. He used, as his father did before him, the name of Dumas. His first play at the age of 27, Henri III and his Courts was met with acclaim in 1829. The next one, Christine, was as popular as the first play the following year. These successes gave him sufficient income to write full-time. In 1840, Dumas founded the Théâtre Historique. In 1839 to 1841, with the aid of his friends, he compiled the Celebrated Crimes, an eight-volume collection of essays on famous crimes and criminals in European history. After writing immensely successful plays, he resorted to novel-writing. He converted one of his earlier plays into his first novel; Le Capitaine Paul. He also wrote unforgettable historical novels of high adventure notably the trilogy of The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years Later and The Vicomte of Bragelonne: Ten Years Later and also The Count of Monte Cristo. Unfortunately, he could not complete his last novel; The Knight of Sainte-Hermine, uncompleted at the time of his demise. It is with the restoration efforts of Claude Schopp that his last novel will be completed and published in 2005. In 2008, it will be published in English as The Last Cavalier. In 1846, outside Paris in Le Pont-Marly, he had built a large country house called Le Château de Monte Cristo. His popularity earned him much money but as a spendthrift, he suffered from financial difficulties and after two years, he had to sell the property.

Authorial recognition of Dumas’ writing some of his novels was long questioned but it was proved that though he was helped by Auguste Maquet, he was the one who wrote the novels like The Count of Monte Cristo. Dumas fled France in 1851 because of Napoleon and his creditors. He travelled to Belgium, Russia and Italy and published travel books. Though Dumas has an aristocratic background and personal success, he had to deal with discrimination related to his mixed-race ancestry. Dumas married actress Ida Ferrier (born Marguerite-Josephine Ferrand) but was alleged to have multiple affairs and is known to have fathered four children, one of whom became a novelist and playwright like his father: Alexandre Dumas, fils.

He died on 5 December 1870 and was cremated at his birthplace in Villers-Cotterêts in the department of Aisne. In 1970, Alexandre Dumas Paris Métro station was named in his honour. His edification, the Château de Monte Cristo has been restored and is open to public as a museum. In 2002, for the bicentennial of Dumas’ birth, French President Jacques Chirac had a ceremony honouring the author by having his remains re-interred at the mausoleum of the Panthéon de Paris, where many French intellectuals were buried. The ceremony was broadcasted where his coffin was carried by four Republican Guards dressed as the four Musketeers.

Les Trois Mousquetaires

With you, we were D’Artagnan, Monte Cristo, or Balsamo, riding along the roads of France, touring battlefields, visiting palaces and castles – with you, we dream.
President Chirac’s words in his speech

Chirac acknowledged the racism that had existed in France and said that the re-interment in the Panthéon had been a way of correcting that wrong, as Alexander Dumas was enshrined alongside fellow great authors Victor Hugo and Émile Zola. Chirac also recognised the greater readership of Dumas in comparison to other great writers of France.

Alexandre Dumas sure had a tough time with all these ups and downs. The difficulties he encountered during his education, racism, poverty among others is a reminder that every writer has a story behind their stories to tell. In the face of adversity, he stayed strong. He is an inspiration to show us that even we are of multiple origins, we can still achieve as much as the rest.

That’s all for now. I shall take your leave. We shall meet another time for yet another post on a writer and their struggle.

If you want to leave any review, comment, message, criticism and/or ideas about previous post(s), the blog in general or message directed to our blog authors, please consult our Review Page. We’ll happily receive your views and respond to them.

Written by: Lyram Dinsmore

Advertisements

La Nature chez Toi: A small tour around Mauritius

Hello keen bloggers and readers,

I have composed a poem in French called ‘La Nature chez Toi‘ (Nature of your Home) which gives an overview of the natural beauty of the Island of Mauritius. I love making Nature the theme of my poems and in this one, where there are two conflicting voices, we find one unifying nature encompassing it as being similar everywhere and the other, the poet’s voice – myself, argues that Nature is different and that our country just like others have its own distinctive fauna and flora. For the time being, you can have a look at the general admiration Nature in Mauritius elicits from me but soon, through my poems in my posts afterwards, we’ll have a wider tour of the indigenous species but also introduced plants in our island and we will see how you folk can derive the best inspiration from a Nature walk.

20180330_141250_0001.png

Translation of poem:

You tell me: ‘Nature of your home,

Does not affect me.’

After-all,

It’s same everywhere

And I reply: ‘You are wrong because,

the Paradise invades every part.’

What is here and nowhere else?

Here we travel for happiness

Of a thriving nature

With an undying summer sun

We find high-perched mountains

And dazzling gardens

After-all, it’s Mauritius green of beauty

In the face of which we drink tea

Stroked with surreal shades of blues

Filled with majestic fishes in our ocean’s hue

 

Here’s a picture of our capital:

P1050288
 

Photo taken on 17 May 2017 of the skyline of Port-Louis, capital of Mauritius

 

In my later posts, let’s visit and learn more of my gem lost in the Indian Ocean through my future posts. Continue following Young Writers and Poets to get more updates. I invite everyone to leave their reviews and let me know what you think of this poem.

From: Lyram Dinsmore

Tyaag: The Story of the Indian Woman

Hello our dear bloggers and readers,

Today, I will address the issue of womanhood in Indian society. In the postmodern era, Indian society is facing mutations and Indians are negotiating a new phase of life as they are influenced by Western thoughts and culture. Women has long been a subject of controversy and this transitional period where new identities and responsibilities are emerging and becoming popular is a particular one as women are renegotiating their traditional identities as daughters, wives or married women. I have read that most Indian women have moved from traditional means of living to new, emancipated,  financially independent lifestyle and where many opt for a celibate life. However, the society in general stays patriarchal in nature. Many women condemned to low-level or no education due to male chauvinism are more vulnerable as they are easy preys to exploitation in diverse ways like molestation, child marriage or prostitution. My poem’s inspiration stems from the inferior and subordinate status of women that still prevail in Indian society. My poem Tyaag in Hindi means literally sacrifice, where I lay emphasis on the fact that still many women, even here in Mauritius, thinks highly of their husband even when they are in our eyes the worst beasts. I wish that they open their eyes and realize their pitiful situation. In my earlier poem, I have expressed the fact that women should overtake their cruel destiny, and in this poem as well, I have openly declared that women should rise from their suffering and be above them.

It’s high time you stand up and say Enough! because if you do not act quick, you will be stuck.

Dear friends, here is my poem:

Tyaag or the Eternal Devotion

textgram_1521477847.png

Please let me know your views on the issue by leaving your comments in the space below. I’ll be very happy to take note of them and learn an aspect of the situation that I’ve perhaps missed.

 

From: Foolchund Saahil

 

Mystery Blogger Award

I sincerely thank Issa Dioume for nominating me for The Mystery Blogger Award. I invite our followers and readers to take a look at his exquisite writing, whether poetry or short story, by clicking on the link above.

Mystery Blogger Award:

What is the Mystery Blogger Award?

It is an award given to amazing bloggers with ingenious posts. Their blog not only captivates; it inspires and motivates. They are the one of the best out there and they deserve every recognition they get. This award is also for bloggers who find fun and inspiration in blogging and they do it with much love and passion.

Okoto Enigma

The Rules:

  • Put the award logo/image in your post
  • Enter the rules
  • Thank whoever nominated you and include a link a link to their blog
  • Tell your readers three things about yourself
  • Nominate 10-20 bloggers you feel deserve the award
  • Notify your nominees by commenting on their blog
  • Ask your nominees 5 questions of your choice with one weird or one funny

3 Things about myself:

  • I am an introvert. I do not have many friends and the best moments I spent during the last year of college was with the ones I befriended, whom I am still in touch but we miss the college fun, similar to this description in Philadelphia, Here I Come! by Brian Friel where his protagonist, Gareth O’Donnell says: ‘…just the memory; and even now, even so soon, it is being distilled of all its coarseness; and what’s left is going to be precious, precious gold…
  • Last year in December, I made a first trip abroad to Rodrigues Island. My friends and I went for an expedition for a week where for three days, we threaded steep landscapes during the day under the blazing sun of summer. Though I gave up at some point, I strived and carried on till it was over. Thinking it over again, I now consider what I did as an extraordinary feat.
  • I am quite lazy type of person even when it comes to writing. However, when a particular reading or viewing material pushes my mind to reflection, I cannot withhold from penning down a poem or continuing short story with a new creative energy.

My answers to Issa Dioume’s questions:

  1. Is honesty a good thing?                                                                                                               Many people usually chant this mantra whenever honesty is raised as a topic; Honesty is the best policy. Indeed, as a writer, being honest to someone is capital. Being honest is part of our art; the honesty of publishing and producing something original and innovative. However, I should also add that negative qualities makes up a complete person. I believe in the philosophy of both having flaws and good qualities as the basis of humanity. And as such, honesty cannot always serve the good intentions of people. For instance, amidst a corrupt environment, honesty has few chances of survival and to be honest will not be to the person’s best interests. Honesty is useful but not all along.
  2. Is monogamy a cultural or natural thing?                                                                                   As a past Sociology student, I could write an essay debating the question but I will restrict my answer to some ideas. Actually, it can neither be considered a cultural or natural thing. According to the Marxist adherent, Friedrich Engels, in his The Origin of the Family: Private Property and the State, the capitalist society developed the monogamous relationship to restrict female freedom and encourage extension of legitimate patrilineal descent. Many cultures such as Islamic societies or the Nayar families of Kerala in India encourage polygamy and are anthropological proofs of the cultural existence of such practices. Nevertheless, monogamy may also have developed in pre-historical societies as a ‘natural’ feature of survival but as I said earlier, the question is subject to debate.
  3. As a writer, what form/style do you prefer?                                                                                 In poetry, I have an inclination towards Haiku, a form in Japanese poetry, which is extremely difficult to master due to its short structure. In English, it is written in a three-line stanza with a strict syllable count of 5 in the first line, 7 in the second and again 5 in the third, totaling 17 syllables usually written on Nature. However, I love trying my hand at other forms and I usually compose in two languages; English and French. In short story writing, I do not adhere to a particular form or style as I believe that every writer should have their own style and keep on improving to meet the expectations of the readers but more importantly to meet the standards of oneself, one of a well done work as an artist.
  4. Why did you take this path of writing?                                                                                           At some moment, I think most of us had that urge to take a pen and just start writing anything. It happened to me several times in my childhood and adolescence but in fear of being ridiculed, I think I never mustered the courage enough until lately in September 2017 at 18 years when I wrote The Dark Room, my first poem in free verse. In college, I was introduced to the true meaning of the literary world only after I have changed subjects from scientific subjects such as Chemistry and Physics to English and French Literature for A-Level. It is from this moment that I developed a love for literature and later a love for creation through writing.
  5. How writing impacted your life and your way of thinking?Please develop                As I have just made my steps into the world of writing, I may not be able to delve greatly into the effects of writing had on my life or way of thinking. However, I can very certainly affirm that writing has offered me a new Self, a new identity; Lyram Dinsmore in my control to shape it and an opportunity to tell the world my side of the story from a new person, one which would be detached from culturally and socially unsaid stereotypes of my society without fear and with much more confidence. As a young artist, I have a whole new vision separate from the everyday world. Though poetry, I transcend beauty and issues of the contemporary world into words and through short stories, share not only my creativity but also shed light on problems or matters often taken for granted or simply normalized in the long run. Writing offers avenues to ponder seriously on worldly issues but also the beauty of it often hidden and found only by privileged individuals who possess the power to see them. To end, I would say that all writers should be respected even if they convey bitter truths. Writing is my best friend and you?

 

My questions to my nominees:

  1. What is better; travelling alone or with friends?
  2. Why have you started blogging?
  3. What is the most embarrassing thing you had to do?
  4. Apart from writing, do you have another passion?
  5. So far, what book or author do you love the most?If possible, quote a saying or line.

 

List of my Nominees are:

  1. Avishek Singh
  2. Bhautik Andhariya
  3. Moments
  4. Judy Eun Kyung Kim
  5. Javier Arevalo
  6. HemasSphere
  7. Lucy Brazier
  8. Divya Vaidya
  9. ibsmind
  10. Shayra

Please let me know through email or comment on this post about your post on the Award.

Congrats to all nominees

A New Diamond to the Collection

Hello fellow bloggers from around the globe,

You might have noticed that a new writer has emerged and that a new jewel has been added to the collection, with a first post called Confusion. Please welcome wholeheartedly amidst our team of writers and poets, growing day by day, a unique gem from our Paradise island of Mauritius; Nishi Seesurn.

Here’s the portrait of a young surfacing talent of our shining island:

Nishi Seesurn is a passionate writer extremely proud of what she produces. She describes her passion as making her feel free, away from my problems and people who always hurts me. She also conveys the fact that it transports her to somewhere where she can be herself and not according to the whims of society. Other than writing, she is fond of reading. She is also avid of mangas and animes. From what she has expressed so far, we could deduce that she is a fighter who does not lose hope and thus keeps her optimism at its high. She has studied Literature at college and evokes Thomas Hardy, a Victorian novelist and poet; a realist who has opposed to the Victorian idealism, as her motivation and inspiration to make her first steps in Literature. She started writing at the age of 16. Music seems to be her support especially in difficult times. Blogging is for her an opportunity to discover a new skill hidden in her.

That’s all for today. We only wish Nishi a successful trip in her writing adventure. We sincerely wish that you  always be a part of  Young Writers and Poets and continue posting and showering on us your visions of life and your side of the story as a writer and poet.

Written by: Lyram Dinsmore

On behalf of all team members at Young Writers & Poets

 

Confusion

I’ve seen people falling hopelessly in Love with me but would I be bad if I said I don’t feel anything in return.

Am I really this cold?

I feel so bad for pushing those precious emotions away from me. I wonder why staying away from them made me feel righteous.

But then again, I crave for such emotions.

I am so confused that I don’t even know what to do with myself.

I am trying to find hope, light, love, affection, adoration, and most importantly a goal, so that I know what I am capable of doing with my life.

When I get my answers to these questions that have been haunting me day and night, I would, maybe, finally be able to say that I have been able to accomplish something out of this broken life that was given to me or rather forced on me by my parents and their inability to take good decisions in their life.

I feel like everything around me is a mistake. Just like I am, I won’t say I am against love, but you should be true to what you’re signing up for.

Remember that patience and hard work is the key to success to many things which also applies to relationships.

By: Nishi Seesurn

Le Palais de L’Été

Je me souviens de ce long voyage

Dans ce pays lointain sans baggage

Explorant dans la plus grande insouciance

Une merveille qui éveille vos sens

 

Emboîtant le pas de l’impératrice

À la longue chevelure telle une actrice

Je longe le Long Couloir

Visitant une allée riche en Histoire

Mes amis, jettez vos regards sur un chef-d’œuvre en gris

Vous apercevrez un dragon flotter d’ici

Ces rames, ce marbre et ces verres

Vous transporterons dans un autre univers

 

Les arbres crient: <Oh! Voyageur venu d’ailleurs>

Ces mots de douceur m’attirent comme un leurre

Je me trouve sur le Pont des Dix-Sept Arches

Le jour s’affaisse et l’obscurité se tresse au panache

De cette nature et cette structure de pierre qui a résisté

Aux années et aux hommes qui ont persistés

J’admire le bleu de cette lune qui éclaire

La symbiose éternelle de la Pierre et l’Arbre

Son reflet dans l’eau ondulée du Lac Kunming

Remémorant la grandeur de la dynastie Qing

Au sein de cette splendeur harmonieux

Digne d’être appelé le Royaume des Cieux

Posez vos yeux là où l’oiseau est monté

Vous observerez des temples de la Colline de la Longévité

Gloire au rythme inlassable de cette beauté mystique

Ne cessant jamais de dire aux voyageurs que ce Palais est unique

Stone Boat

 

De la part d’un poète,

Foolchund Saahil

Temples

Ce poème expose la magnificence d’un œuvre qui s’accorde harmonieusement bien avec la Nature. Le Palais d’Été qui se trouve à Pékin en Chine est une œuvre d’exception splendide où main dans la main vont Nature et les structures par l’Homme. Du lac, passant par les couloirs, jusqu’aux temples perchés sur les collines, se dresse une irrésistible beauté sur lequel écrire un poème était une évidence. J’espère que mon poème, bien que j’ai jamais mis le pied en Chine, vous transportera vers cet endroit unique en son genre. Je dédis ce poème à la communauté francophone internationale.

Lyram Dinsmore

The sudden change in her behaviour thunderbolts everyone;

No one could fathom why 

the inner beast inside her was held the reason why 

No one could notice the fragile heart throbbing in her chest;

How a little affection would melt her heart like melted silver.

Affection was something she would crave for all night,

keeping darkness and loneliness in company,

Love was something she would be crazy for.

Irony was how the little showered upon her would deepen the heartache;

Amidst the confusion, she doubted if love was really what she needed.

By Liana

 

Blog at WordPress.com.

Up ↑