Rhyme Scheme By Rachel Martin

My dear young writers,

As promised I’m back with a new post, one which I have entitled “Rhyme Scheme”.

In this post, I will explain to you what a rhyme scheme is and how you can use it as a strategy or device when writing your own poems.

So what is “rhyme” first of all?

Have you heard of the term “nursery rhymes”?

Nursery rhymes are short traditional poems or songs normally meant for kids.

It’s meant to teach them about music and language or simply to lull them to sleep.

I personally enjoyed them so much when I was a kid.

My favourite one was “Twinkle Twinkle Little Star”.

I’m sure you know what I’m talking about.

Let me show it to you anyway:

twinkle twinkle little star

So, as the phrase “nursery rhymes” suggests, there are rhymes in these poems and songs.

Look at the lyrics of “Twinkle Twinkle Little Star” attentively.

Line 1 ends with “star”

Line 2 ends with “are”

These two words are similar-sounding words. They are rhymes.

You see, they don’t necessarily have to be written in the same way; it’s the sounds you have to pay attention to (my next post will be on the different types of rhymes).

Look at this one now:

poem rhymes

There are rhymes in it too: “hot” and “pot”, “cold” and “old”

You see that there is a pattern in the way the rhymes are. This is what we call the rhyme scheme.

The rhyme scheme of a poem is the pattern of rhymes at the end of lines.

Rhymes that are found at the end of lines are called end rhymes.

In simple words, the rhyme scheme of a poem is the way its end rhymes have been organised.

A rhyme scheme is described using the letters of the alphabet.

The rhyme scheme of “Peas Porridge Hot” is therefore abab

a for the sound “ot”

b for the sound “old”

I’ll give you some more examples in images so that it’s easier for you to understand.

There are actually different types of rhyme schemes.

I don’t want to frighten you, so I’ll give you the more common ones only for now.

Remember also that specific types of poems, like a ballad or a sonnet, have specific rhyme schemes.

So here are some basic rhyme schemes I think young poets like you can easily master for now.

Alternate rhyme scheme ABAB …..

alternate rhyme scheme

Coupled rhyme scheme AABB…

coupled rhyme scheme

Monorhyme scheme AAAA…

you came like a bliss

Enclosed rhyme scheme ABA or ABBA

enclosed rhyme scheme

 Simple 4-line rhyme scheme ABCB

simple rhyme scheme

So my dear young writers, before composing poetry, you need to think about the rhyme scheme you want to have.

But remember that you don’t need to have end rhymes all the time.

You can also write a poem in free verse- where you don’t really need a rhyme scheme.

Personally, I enjoy end rhymes, but I prefer free verse.

And you, what rhyme scheme do you prefer?

Feel free to share with us!


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